Central Data Catalog

Regional Collections

Data, Measurement & Evaluation

Our establishment of a Statistics and Surveys Unit was compelled by the need to establish robust data systems for the Center’s work, including the Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS); and offer technical assistance to external partners in data collection, processing and analysis, including impact evaluation.

Maternal and Child Wellbeing

The signature issue for this Unit will be breastfeeding optimization.

Specialized Collections

Nairobi Urban Health & Demographic Surveillance System

The Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS) was set up in Korogocho and Viwandani (Nairobi - Kenya) slum settlements to provide a platform for investigating linkages between urban poverty, health, and demographic and other socioeconomic outcomes, and to facilitate the evaluation of interventions to improve the well-being of the urban poor.

Urbanization and Wellbeing in Africa

Cities are the future of our world. Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban centers—and this proportion will continue to grow. By 2050, nearly seven in ten persons will be living in cities. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), currently the least urbanized of all major regions of the world, will see the share of its urban population increasing from the current level of about 37% to more than 60%. Indeed, by 2030, 95 per cent of the world’s population growth and 97 per cent of the growth in the developing world will occur in Third-World cities. The Urbanization and Wellbeing (UWB) research program at APHRC strives to be a pacesetter in defining research priorities on urban studies in Africa and in producing credible evidence on the causes, course and consequences of the urbanization process in the region.

Health and Systems for Health

Accessible, universal health care for all is the backbone of a nation. Evidence shows that health programs based on evidence are cost-effective and easily implementable. Sub-Saharan Africa however bears a disproportionate burden of ill-health, and health remains largely under-funded by many governments in the region. In 2010, HIV/AIDS claimed up to 1.2 million lives in Sub-Saharan Africa and a further 22.9 million people, including 2.3 million children, were living with the condition. The region is also now increasingly threatened by non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive respiratory disease.

Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health

Progress towards goals 4 (reducing child mortality) and 5 (improving maternal health) of the millennium development goals (MDGs) has been generally slow in sub-Saharan Africa. To meet these and other MDGs, sub-Saharan Africa’s best hope remains its vast and untapped Human Capital. Yet, about 4 million infants and children continue to die annually from preventable causes, whilst unchecked unintended pregnancy increasingly contributes to unsafe abortion and consequently poor maternal health outcomes. Emerging evidence asserts that the disparity in key family planning and sexual reproductive health indicators is widening, making it clear that our Human Capital has been and is under threat. We need to focus our efforts toward providing robust scientific evidence to guide crucial policy generation and implementation to curb the needless hemorrhage. In doing this we would not only have a fighting chance at meeting the MDGs but we would also have saved and positively impacted countless lives.

Education and Youth Empowerment

Education empowers individuals to face the challenges of becoming productive citizens. In addition to its integral value for individuals, education is also a key determinant of health, population dynamics and economic development. The widespread adoption of free primary school education has improved enrolment numbers even though governments are still struggling to meet the rising demands for schooling. The sudden increase in enrolment numbers has also led to a decrease in the quality of education offered. This decrease has been observed in poor performance of pupils in early grades and teacher’s limited knowledge on content and pedagogical skills.

Aging and Development

Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) population is aging. While most of the region is still in earlier stages of the demographic transition and will remain younger than other parts of the globe, the population share of older people (aged 60 years and over) is projected to quadruple from 5% today to 19% by the end of the century In the same time span, the absolute size of the older population will grow a massive 15- fold from 43 million to 644 million. This is a sharper increase than for any other world region or age group. Thus far, however, this aspect of SSA’s demography receives little attention in mainstream debates on health, population and development, which typically remain focused on children, youth and ‘prime’ age adults. As a result, few comprehensive responses on the older population have been pursued in SSA. Yet, issues of aging are directly relevant to, and need to be harnessed for, the achievement of social and economic development in the region.